References and Further Reading

About Reference Page 

Welcome to Group f/22 this site has been made as a free resource site, for anyone that has an interest in the art of photography. The information found on this web site is meant to be used for students, teachers, or self-taught photographers, to expand their knowledge in all aspects of photography. This site is a collaboration of three professional educators, which fields of studies combine twenty-one years in the arts with a Masters of Fine Arts, twenty-eight years in education with a Masters of Education, as well as sixteen years teaching as an Educational Specialist.

This site was created by these three educators to develop and inspire photography education for those that have a deep desire to learn these skills. All the information on this site has been researched and vetted by the three educators and the work has all been clarified or paraphrased by them with the hopes for the reader to have a clearer understanding of the information. This site was constructed and supervised during their time in the doctoral program at Lynn University in the completion of a Doctoral Degree in Education and Leadership.

It is hoped that this site and the community it creates can strengthen the art of photography. Isidro is an Art Instructor that specializes in film and digital photography. His work has been shown at many local and out of state galleries. Mr. Pentzke has also given numerous artists talks on his work. His most recent work covers augmented reality and the effect it has on today's society (2018).

It is hoped that this site and the community it creates can strengthen the art of photography. The three educators realized that when they combined their devotion to education and the arts, they could assist others in reaching their full potential while developing communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity throughout their instruction.

Below you will find a list of websites and references that will support the information used on this website.

Web Sites 

References Aguilar. E. (2012). Arts education: a right and necessity. Retrieved from

Americans for the Arts. (2015). Arts education.

Ansell, S. (2011). Achievement gap. Education Week.

Bada & Olusegun S. (2015). Constructivism learning theory: a paradigm for teaching and learning. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME). e-ISSN: 2320–7388,p-ISSN: 2320–737X Volume 5, Issue 6 Ver. I (Nov. - Dec. 2015), PP 66-70

Ballenger, H. B. (2014). Photography: a communication tool. Thesis, Georgia State University.

Bettinger, E., & Loeb, S. (2017). Promises and pitfalls of online education. Retrieved from

Brownlee, H. (2010). The four c's of the 21st century. ARTS Blog.

Butrymowicz, S. & Mader, J. (2020). Low academic expectations and poor support for special education students are 'hurting their future'. Retrieved from

Campanelli, S. (2017). The four c's to prepare our students for the 21st-century workplace and beyond. Retrieved from

The Center on Education Policy. (2007). Choices, changes, and challenges: curriculum and instruction in the NCLB era. The Center on Education Policy.

Combs, L. B., Cennamo, K. S., & Newbill, P. L. (2009). Developing critical and creative thinkers: toward a conceptual model of creative and critical thinking processes. Educational Technology, 49(5), 3-14.

Corwin (n.d.). What does it mean for students to be engaged? Retrieved from al_Approach_to_Classroom_Management_CH1.pdf

Crescencio, A. (2019). How do declining funds for art education affect aspiring artists? Pepperdine Graphic. Retrieved from

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (Fourth). SAGE.

Darling-Hammond, L., L., Flook, L., Cook-Harvey, C.M., Barron, B., & Osher, D. (2020). Implications for educational practice of the science of learning and development. Applied Developmental Science, 24, 140 - 97.

Efland, A. (2002). Art and cognition : integrating the visual arts in the curriculum. Teachers College Press. preparation/

Erickson, L. (2018). Are our students thinking critically? Retrieved from

Farrington, C. A., Maurer, J., McBride, M. R. A., Nagaoka, J., Puller, J. S., Shewfelt, S., Weiss, E.M., & Wright, L. (2019). Arts education and social-emotional learning o outcomes among K–12 students: Developing a theory of action. Chicago, IL: Ingenuity and the University of Chicago Consortium on School Research.

Freedberg, L. & Fensterwald, J. (2015) President Obama signs every student succeeds act. Retrieved from

Freeland Fisher, J., & Arnett, T. (2017). The state innovator’s toolkit: a guide to successfully managing innovation under ESSA. Retrieved from

Garber, E. (1995). Teaching art in the context of culture: a study in the borderlands. Studies in Art Education, 36(4), 218-232. doi:10.2307/1320936

Google. (2015). Driving the skills agenda: Preparing students for the future. eport.pdf

Google for Education. (n.d.). Life skills & workforce preparation. Retrieved from ion/?modal_active=none

Grantmakers In the Art. (n.d.). Glossary of arts and education terms.

Gregory, D. (2016). Let's get rid of art education – a modest proposal. Retrieved from

Gunel, S. (2019). The 4 c's of the 21st century. Retrieved from

Hancock, B., Lazaroff-Puck, K., & Rutherford, S. (2020). Getting practical about the future of work. Retrieved from

Hardiman, M. (2019). The arts need to be a central part of schooling. Education Week.

Haycock, K. (2001) Closing the Achievement Gap. Educational Leadership, Vol. 58, Number 6, March 2001, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Holland, B. (2018). Arriving at a definition of learning. Edutopia.

King, M. L. (1964). Stride toward freedom; the Montgomery story. Harper & Row.

Kisida, B. & Bowen, D. (2019). New evidence of the benefits of arts education. Retrieved from

Klein, A. (2015). No child left behind overview: definitions, requirements, criticisms, and more. Education Week.

Jacob, B., Berger, D. Hart, C. & Loeb, (2016). Can technology help promote equality of educational opportunities? The Coleman Report and Educational Inequality Fifty Years Later. Russell Sage Foundation and William T. Grant Foundation: New York. Lederman, D. (2020). The shift to remote learning: the human effect. Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved

from Lisowski, O. (2019). Students from 196 wisconsin high schools needed remedial classes at uw system. Retrieved from

Marzano, R. J., Pickering, D., & Pollock, J. E. (2001). Classroom instruction that works : research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. Assoc. for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

McDonald, J. (2016). Funding for schools' art programs ending? Retrieved from D=1237&ViewID=6446EE88-D30C-497E-9316-3F8874B3E108&RenderLoc=0&FlexD ataID=3316&PageID=383

McGrath, J. (2010). Are online photography courses worth it? Retrieved from -classes-worth-it.htm

Meacham, A. (2018). As florida dramatically slashes arts funding, theaters and museums scramble. Tampa Bay Times. ng-theaters-and-museums-scramble_167054536/.

Merrriam-Webster. (n.d.). Educator. Retrieved from

Milbrandt, M., Miraglia, K. & Zimmerman, E. (2018). An analysis of current research in studies in art education and the international journal of education through art. Studies in Art Education, 59(1), 39–54.

OECD. (2008). Background information.

Paul, C. (2018). Elementary and secondary education act of 1965. ation-act-of-1965/.

Pdf4pro. (n.d.). An educator's guide to the "Four Cs" - / an-educator-s-guide-to-the-four-cs-nea-org.pdf / PDF4PRO. Retrieved from (2011). Photography as an art form.

Pinellas County Schools. (n.d.). Visual arts / overview. Retrieved from

Poth, R. (2019). The future of work: how do we prepare our students? Retrieved from

Rabkin, N., Reynolds, M., Hedberg, E., and Shelby, J. (2011). A report on the teaching artist research project. NORC at the University of Chicago.

Regoli, N. (2019). 14 pros and cons of cutting art programs in schools. Retrieved from Scriven, M. & Paul, R. (1987). Defining Critical Thinking. The Foundation for Critical Thinking.

Smith, F. (2009). Why arts education is crucial, and who's doing it best. Edutopia.

Stauffer. B. (2020). What are the 4 c's of 21st century skills? Retrieved from

Torii. K. (2018). Why school kids need more exposure to the world of work. Retrieved from

Wenzinger, L. (2020). A photography project that develops interpersonal skills. Retrieved from

Whitford, E. (2018). New report shows colleges how to bridge the gap between the liberal arts and the workforce. Retrieved from e-gap-between-liberal-arts-and-work-force

Wolffe, K. and Fulton, M. (2017). The Importance of Arts Education in Workforce Preparation. U.S. GAO. (2009). Access to arts education. Retrieved from

Zook, C. (2018). What is collaborative learning (and how do you teach it)? Retrieved from